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名人演讲:国会珍珠港演说

发表时间:2011-02-02  热度:
美国第32任总统富兰克林·D·罗斯福(Franklin D.
Roosevelt )(1933—1945),一直被视为美国历史上最伟大的总统之一,是20世纪美国最孚众望和受爱戴的总统,也是美国历史上惟一连任4届总统的人,从1933年3月起,直到1945年4月去世时为止,任职长达12年。曾赢得美国民众长达7周的高支持率,创下历史记录。
富兰克林·德拉诺·罗斯福出生于纽约。父亲詹姆斯·罗斯福是一个百万富翁。母亲萨拉·德拉诺比父亲小26岁。罗斯福曾就读于哈佛大学和哥伦比亚大学。1910年任纽约州参议员。1913年任海军部副部长。1921年因患脊髓灰质炎致残。1928年任纽约州长。1932年竞选总统获胜。执政后,以“新政”对付经济危机,颇有成效,故获得1936年、1940年、1944年大选连任。
第二次世界大战初,美国采取不介入政策,但对希特勒采取强硬手段,以“租借法”支持同盟国。1941年底,美国参战。罗斯福代表美国两次参加同盟国“三巨头”会议。罗斯福政府提出了轴心国必须无条件投降的原则并得到了实施。罗斯福提出了建立联合国的构想,也得到了实施。63岁时由于脑溢血去世。
很多网友相信都看过电影《珍珠港》(Pearl Harbor),
第二次世界大战在欧亚大陆打的如火如荼,而跨海相隔的美国却隔岸观火,仿佛事不关己。直到1941年12月7日早晨7点53分,日本突袭美军在夏威夷的基地珍珠港。次日,美国总统罗斯福在国会愤然发表了这篇的演说,至此,太平洋战争全面爆发。Yesterday, December 7th, 1941 -- a date which will live in infamy -- the United States of America was suddenly and deliberately attacked by naval and air forces of the Empire of Japan.昨天,1941年12月7日──它将永远成为国耻日──美利坚合众国遭到了日本帝国海空军预谋的突然袭击。Yesterday, the Japanese government also launched an attack against Malaya.Last night, Japanese forces attacked Hong Kong.Last night, Japanese forces attacked Guam.Last night, Japanese forces attacked the Philippine Islands.Last night, the Japanese attacked Wake Island.And this morning, the Japanese attacked Midway Island.昨天日本政府也发动了对马来地区的进攻。昨夜日本军队进攻了香港。昨夜日本军队进攻关岛。昨夜日本军队进攻菲律宾群岛。昨夜日本军队进攻威克岛。今晨日本军队进攻了中途岛。演讲全文:Pearl Harbor Address to the NationMr.Vice President, Mr.Speaker, Members of the Senate, and of the House of Representatives:Yesterday, December 7th, 1941 -- a date which will live in infamy -- the United States of America was suddenly and deliberately attacked by naval and air forces of the Empire of Japan.The United States was at peace with that nation and, at the solicitation of Japan, was still in conversation with its government and its emperor looking toward the maintenance of peace in the Pacific.Indeed, one hour after Japanese air squadrons had commenced bombing in the American island of Oahu, the Japanese ambassador to the United States and his colleague delivered to our Secretary of State a formal reply to a recent American message.欢迎来到演讲稿 范文网。
And while this reply stated that it seemed useless to continue the existing diplomatic negotiations, it contained no threat or hint of war or of armed attack.It will be recorded that the distance of Hawaii from Japan makes it obvious that the attack was deliberately planned many days or even weeks ago.
During the intervening time, the Japanese government has deliberately sought to deceive the United States by false statements and expressions of hope for continued peace.The attack yesterday on the Hawaiian islands has caused severe damage to American naval and military forces.
I regret to tell you that very many American lives have been lost.
In addition, American ships have been reported torpedoed on the high seas between San Francisco and Honolulu.Yesterday, the Japanese government also launched an attack against Malaya.Last night, Japanese forces attacked Hong Kong.Last night, Japanese forces attacked Guam.Last night, Japanese forces attacked the Philippine Islands.Last night, the Japanese attacked Wake Island.And this morning, the Japanese attacked Midway Island.Japan has, therefore, undertaken a surprise offensive extending throughout the Pacific area.
The facts of yesterday and today speak for themselves.
The people of the United States have already formed their opinions and well understand the implications to the very life and safety of our nation.As commander in chief of the Army and Navy, I have directed that all measures be taken for our defense.
But always will our whole nation remember the character of the onslaught against us.No matter how long it may take us to overcome this premeditated invasion, the American people in their righteous might will win through to absolute victory.I believe that I interpret the will of the Congress and of the people when I assert that we will not only defend ourselves to the uttermost, but will make it very certain that this form of treachery shall never again endanger us.Hostilities exist.
There is no blinking at the fact that our people, our territory, and our interests are in grave danger.With confidence in our armed forces, with the unbounding determination of our people, we will gain the inevitable triumph -- so help us God.I ask that the Congress declare that since the unprovoked and dastardly attack by Japan on Sunday, December 7th, 1941, a state of war has existed between the United States and the Japanese empire.欢迎来到演讲稿 范文网。Russell Conwell : Acres of DiamondsWhen going down the Tigris and Euphrates rivers many years ago with a party of English travelers I found myself under the direction of an old Arab guide whom we hired up at Baghdad, and I have often thought how that guide resembled our barbers in certain mental characteristics.
He thought that it was not only his duty to guide us down those rivers, and do what he was paid for doing, but to entertain us with stories curious and weird, ancient and modern strange, and familiar.
Many of them I have forgotten, and I am glad I have, but there is one I shall never forget.The old guide was leading my camel by its halter along the banks of those ancient rivers, and he told me story after story until I grew weary of his story-telling and ceased to listen.
I have never been irritated with that guide when he lost his temper as I ceased listening.
But I remember that he took off his Turkish cap and swung it in a circle to get my attention.
I could see it through the corner of my eye, but I determined not to look straight at him for fear he would tell another story.
But although I am not a woman, I did finally look, and as soon as I did he went right into another story.
Said he, “I will tell you a story now which I reserve for my particular friends.” When he emphasized the words “particular friends,” I listened and I have ever been glad I did.
I really feel devoutly thankful, that there are 1,674 young men who have been carried through college by this lecture who are also glad that I did listen.The old guide told me that there once lived not far from the River Indus an ancient Persian by the name of Ali Hafed.
He said that Ali Hafed owned a very large farm; that he had orchards, grain-fields, and gardens; that he had money at interest and was a wealthy and contented man.
One day there visited that old Persian farmer one of those ancient Buddhist priests, one of the wise men of the East.
He sat down by the fire and told the old farmer how this old world of ours was made.
He said that this world was once a mere bank of fog, and that the Almighty thrust His finger into this bank of fog, and began slowly to move His finger around, increasing the speed until at last He whirled this bank of fog into a solid ball of fire.
Then it went rolling through the universe, burning its way through other banks of fog, and condensed the moisture without, until it fell in floods of rain upon its hot surface, and cooled the outward crust.“21世纪·爱立信杯”全国英语演讲比赛冠军得主演讲稿To me March 28th was a lucky day.
It was on that particular evening that I found myself at central stage, in the spotlight.
Winning the 21st Century·Ericsson Cup Seventh National English Speaking Competition is a memory that I shall treasure and one that will surely stay.
More important than winning the Cup is the friendship that has been established and developed among the contestants, and the chance to communicate offstage in addition to competing onstage.
Also the competition helps boost public speaking in China, a skill hitherto undervalued.For me, though, the competition is a more personal experience.
Habitually shy, I had been reluctant to take part in any such activities.
Encouraged by my friends, however, I made a last-minute decision to give it a try.
In the course of preparation I somehow rediscovered myself, a truer me.I found that, after all, I like communicating with other people; that exchanging views can be so much fun—and so much rewarding, both emotionally and intellectually; that public speaking is most effective when you are least guarded; and that it is essential to success in every walk of life.At a more practical level, I realized knowing what you are going to say and how you are going to say it are equally important.
To take the original ideas out of your head and transplant them, so to speak, to that of others, you need to have an organized mind.
This ability improves with training.Yet there should not be any loss or addition or distortion in the process.
Those ideas that finally find their way into another head need to be recognizably yours.
Language is a means to transmit information, not a means to obstruct communication.
It should be lucid to be penetrating.In China, certain public speaking skills have been unduly emphasized.
Will it really help, we are compelled to ask, to bang at the podium or yell at the top of your lungs, if you have come with a poorly organized speech, a muddled mind, and unwillingness to truly share your views?Above all, the single most important thing I learnt was that as a public speaker, you need to pay attention, first and foremost, to the content of your speech.
And second, the structure of your speech: how one idea relates and progresses to another.Only after these come delivery and non-verbal communication: speed control, platform manner, and so on.
Pronunciation is important, yet of greater importance is this: Is your language competent enough to express your ideas exactly the way you intend them to be understood?I was informed afterwards that I was chosen to be the winner for my appropriately worded speech, excellent presence and quick-witted response.
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